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histoire des monnaies fiduciaires en France

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Messagehistoire des monnaies fiduciaires en France
par g.sandro Ven 17 Juin 2011 - 0:03

2 VRAIS cours d'Histoire sur l'inflation et l'effondrement des monnaies fiduciaires en france, avec l'histoire de John Law puis celle des assignats: Max Keiser, J.TURK et P. Jovanovic.

Fiat money inflation in France.


C'est indéniablement là un excellent travail d'historiens et de pédagogues auxquels les membres de ce trio se sont livrés, je salue le résultat et je le recommande derechef pour la page vidéos monnaies du portail, car c'est un passage obligé pour tout investisseur.


Le propos de cette série est sans doute déjà connu des anciens comme Marie, Groler, ou moi, sans doute aussi des érudits comme Dup, Pascalbrutal, Nofear, gdB, Wallie et je pense que Jojo, PHV sont aussi déjà au jus, c'est certainement aussi le cas de plusieurs que j'oublie de lister, mais je postule que même eux visionneront ces deux courtes vidéos avec plaisir, quant aux autres, John Smith etc, ils DOIVENT absolument les viisionner et les apprendre par coeur.

Si vous connaissez des étudiants en droit, en économie, en Histoire, en Sciences Politiques, vous leur rendrez un immense service en leur mailant les liens ci dessous...

http://goldsilver.com/

Max Keiser, , James Turk, and Pierre Jovanovic, , tell the story of the introduction of Fiat Money to France.
read more








watch video



June 16, 2011 • 08:49:24 PDT
Fiat money inflation in France - Part 1: John Law


Max Keiser, , James Turk, and Pierre Jovanovic, , tell the story of the introduction of Fiat Money to France.
read more







watch video


June 16, 2011 • 09:02:09 PDT

Fiat money inflation in France - Part 2: Assignats




http://goldsilver.com/news/fiat-money-inflation-in-france-part-1-john-law/



Max Keiser, ofMaxKeiser.com, James Turk, Director of The GoldMoney Foundation and Pierre Jovanovic, Jovanovic.com, tell the story of the introduction of Fiat Money to France.


They discuss John Law and how his money printing fix was seen by the French Regent as a way out of the kingdom's debt troubles – accumulated by past wars and royal extravagance – a way to avoid the harsh spending cuts that were unavoidable given the difference between income and spending.


Keiser, Turk and Jovanovic talk about the Mississippi Bubble and how speculation in stocks became rampant as banknotes
were printed to drive up the value of paper assets, how the French
public was caught up in the speculative mania with dreams of untold
riches from Louisiana.



They explain how John Law's success and the riches that he brought the crown ensured his promotion to Minister of Finance.


The trio also discuss how the bubble popped, how all manner of
coercive and increasingly desperate steps were taken to prop up the
value of shares in the
Mississippi Company, including the printing of increasing amount of banknotes. When the banknotes
themselves started to depreciate, gold and silver coin were outlawed in
an attempt to force the French to use only paper money. The
consequences were disastrous, with commerce paralysed and the economy brought to its knees.

http://goldsilver.com/news/fiat-money-inflation-in-france-part-2-assignats/

Max
Keiser, of maxkeiser.com, James Turk, Director of The GoldMoney
Foundation and Pierre Jovanovic, jovanovic.com, tell the story of the
introduction of Fiat Money to France.


In
this episode we look at the use of Fiat Money during the French
Revolution and how monetary mismanagement made an already delicate
situation even worse, destroying the nation's economy and encouraging
political radicalism.


We
start with the debates over the issuence of paper money, explaining
that the previous experience of John Law made French statesmen like
Necker very cautios about fiat currency. The debates over the first
issue of assignats were hard fought and lasted a long time, with the
first issue of assignats approved by just a handful of votes and with
all manner of guarantees to insure that it was "backed" by land and
other forms of collateral.


The
first issue of assignats had some very positive short term effects,
stimulating commerce as paper wealth spread. However, the government
took only a few months to spend the money raised and very soon cries
were raised for more. This time a new issue was approved by a large
majority. We look at how this paper money inflation started to drive
prices higher, encouraging the creation of more paper in increasing
amounts as the government and its clients became addicted to
newly-created money. Rising prices were blamed on all manner of
scapegoats in order to divert attention from the real cause: money
printing.


As
the situation worsened, the worst rose to the top, with Clavière
becoming Minister of Finance with the promise to increase printing.
Gresham's law started to act in full force, driving good money out of
circulation with such force that silver, gold and even copper
disappeared from the market. Attempts to put ceilings on prices through
the "Law of the Maximum" and to prop up the value of assignats failed,
and only succeeded in criminalising most commerce with increasingly
harsh penalties -- eventually including death -- for those that sold
above established prices or refused to accept payment in worthless
government paper. Even the guillotine was not enough backing to ensure
the assignat's survival.


Eventually
food riots brought down the revolutionary government, and after several
interim reactionary governments culminated with Napoleon's military
rule. Napoleon brought back the gold standard, which survived until the
first World War.
Original source



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